BAHEDA (Vibhitaki)


Botanical Name Terminalia bellerica
Family Combretaceae
Origin Southeast Asia
Description Ativisha is a perennial herb that grows up to a height of 2 to 3 feet. The leaves are large, deeply divided, and have toothed edges. The flowers are purple in color and arranged in panicles. The roots are thick, fleshy, and aromatic.
Parts Used The fruit, bark, and leaves are used in Ayurvedic medicine.
Dose The recommended dose of Baheda powder is 1-3 grams per day.

Ayurved Features

Formulations(Yog) Baheda is used in several Ayurvedic formulations, including Triphala and Chyawanprash.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) Not applicable.
Ayurvedic Properties GUNA (Quality): Laghu (light), Ruksha (dry)
RASA (Taste): Kashaya (astringent), Tikta (bitter)
VIPAK (Metabolism): Madhura (sweet)
VIRYA (Potency): Ushna (hot)
PRABHAV (Impact): It is believed to promote longevity and vitality, as well as support the respiratory, digestive, and nervous systems.
Other Names Sanskrit: Vibhitaki, Aksha, Shriphala
Hindi: Baheda
Assamese: Bhomora
Bengali: Bahera
Kannada: Tarekayi
Malayalam: Thannikka
Manipuri: Thonglairik
Marathi: Behada
Oriya: Bahu
Telegu: Karakkaya


Distribution Baheda is native to Southeast Asia and is found throughout India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
Pharmacognosy Baheda is known for its medicinal properties and is commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine. It is rich in tannins and has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties.
Cultivation Baheda is propagated through seeds or cuttings and requires a warm, humid climate. It can be grown in a variety of soils, but prefers well-drained loamy soil.
Physical Constituents Baheda is rich in tannins, flavonoids, and phenolic compounds.
Chemical Constituents Baheda contains gallic acid, ellagic acid, chebulinic acid, and chebulagic acid, among other compounds.


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