Botanical Name Amomum subulatum
Family Zingiberaceae
Origin India
Description Badi Elaichi, also known as Black Cardamom, is a perennial herb that grows up to 3 meters in height. The plant has large leaves and produces small flowers that are pale green in color.
Parts Used The seeds of Badi Elaichi are the most commonly used part for medicinal purposes.
Dose The recommended dose of Badi Elaichi is 1-2 grams per day.

Ayurved Features

Formulations(Yog) Badi Elaichi is used in various Ayurvedic formulations such as Chyawanprash, Triphala Churna, and Panchamrit Parpati.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) There is no known antidote for Badi Elaichi poisoning.
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (quality): Laghu (light) and Ruksha (dry)
Rasa (taste): Katu (pungent) and Tikta (bitter)
Vipak (metabolism): Katu (pungent)
Virya (potency): Ushna (hot)
Prabhav (impact): Hridya (good for the heart)
Other Names Sanskrit: Brihat Ela, Sthula Ela
Hindi: Badi Elaichi, Kali Elaichi
Bengali: Boro Elach
Kannada: Dodda Elakki
Malayalam: Karutta Elam
Marathi: Velachi
Oriya: Suvana Elaichi
Tamil: Karuppu Elakkai
Telugu: Nalla Elakkay


Distribution Badi Elaichi is native to the eastern Himalayas and is found in Nepal, Bhutan, and India
Pharmacognosy Badi Elaichi contains volatile oil, resin, starch, and ash. It is used for its medicinal properties as a digestive stimulant, anti-spasmodic, and anti-inflammatory agent.
Cultivation Badi Elaichi is cultivated in the hilly regions of India, Nepal, and Bhutan. It is propagated by rhizomes and requires a warm and humid climate.
Physical Constituents Badi Elaichi has a pungent taste and a warming effect on the body
Chemical Constituents Badi Elaichi contains volatile oil, resin, starch, and ash. The volatile oil contains terpenes, cineole, and camphor.


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