Botanical Name Rumex vesicarius
Family Polygonaceae
Origin Mediterranean region
Description Rumex vesicarius is a perennial herb with long and slender roots. The stem is erect, branched, and grows up to 50 cm in height. The leaves are alternate, simple, ovate, and glabrous. The inflorescence is a dense spike of greenish flowers, and the fruit is a three-angled achene.
Parts Used Root
Dose The dose of Rumex vesicarius varies depending on the condition being treated. It is typically prepared as a decoction or infusion.

Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Rumex vesicarius is used in various Ayurvedic formulations such as Triphala churna, Dashamoola churna, and Panchakola churna.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) Not available
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (Quality): Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Oily), Ruksha (Dry)
Rasa (Taste): Kashaya (Astringent), Tikta (Bitter)
Vipak (Metabolism): Katu (Pungent)
Virya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
Prabhav (Impact): Shothahara (Anti-inflammatory), Pittasamaka (Balances Pitta dosha)
Other Names Sanskrit: Shalmali, Pitaka
Hindi: Chukr
Bengali: Chuka
Kannada: Nela Jambu
Malyalam: Kurukku
Marathi: Pitak
Oriya: Chukra
Telugu: Chuka Jambu


Distribution Rumex vesicarius is native to the Mediterranean region and is distributed in North Africa, Europe, and Western Asia. It is also found in some parts of North America, South America, and Australia.
Pharmacognosy The plant contains anthraquinone glycosides, tannins, flavonoids, and phenolic compounds. The root is used medicinally and is rich in emodin and chrysophanol.
Cultivation Rumex vesicarius is a hardy plant that grows well in full sun and well-drained soil. It can be propagated by seed or division in the spring or fall.
Physical Constituents Emodin and chrysophanol.
Chemical Constituents Anthraquinone glycosides, tannins, flavonoids, and phenolic compounds.


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