Botanical Name Abrus precatorius
Family Fabaceae
Origin Gunja has been used in traditional medicine systems for thousands of years, particularly in Ayurveda and Chinese medicine.
Description Gunja is a perennial climbing plant with small white, pink, or purple flowers and bean-like seeds. The seeds are usually red or black with a black spot, and are often used for decorative purposes.
Parts Used The seeds are used in traditional medicine.
Dose The seeds should not be ingested due to their toxic nature.

Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Gunja is not used in yog formulations due to its toxicity.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) The only known antidote for abrin poisoning is activated charcoal.
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (Quality): Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)
Rasa (Taste): Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Bitter)
Vipak (Metabolism): Katu (Pungent)
Virya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
Prabhav (Impact): The toxic nature of the seeds.
Other Names Sanskrit: Gunja, Ratti
Hindi: Rati, Ratti, Gunga
Assamese: Kharganga, Mautuk
Bengali: Gunja
Kannada: Gunchi, Gundumani
Malayalam: Kunni, Kunnipaal
Manipuri: Khangarong
Marathi: Laghu Chirmi, Rati
Oriya: Gunjo
Telugu: Kunni, Peddakunchi


Distribution Gunja is native to India, but can also be found in other parts of Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
Pharmacognosy The seeds of gunja contain abrin, a toxic protein that can cause severe poisoning if ingested.
Cultivation Gunja can be grown as an ornamental plant, but it is important to handle the seeds with care due to their toxicity.
Physical Constituents Gunja seeds are small, bean-like, and usually red or black with a black spot.
Chemical Constituents Abrin, glycosides, alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, and saponins.


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