Botanical Name Gmelina arborea
Family Verbenaceae
Origin India
Description Gambhari is a large deciduous tree that grows up to 30 meters tall. The bark is grey and smooth, with a bitter taste. The leaves are simple, ovate, and have a pointed apex. The flowers are yellow and arranged in axillary or terminal panicles. The fruits are small and round, containing four seeds.
Parts Used The bark, leaves, and roots are used in Ayurveda
Dose The recommended dose of Gambhari varies depending on the form of the preparation and the condition being treated. It is always best to consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner for appropriate dosing information.

Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Mahasudarshan churna, Dasamoola kwatha, Dashamula katutraya kashaya, Laghu Sutshekhar ras.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) N/A
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (Quality): Laghu (light), Ruksha (dry), Tikshna (sharp)
Rasa (Taste): Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter)
Vipak (Metabolism): Katu (pungent)
Virya (Potency): Ushna (hot)
Prabhav (Impact): Pitta-kapha hara (balances pitta and kapha doshas)
Other Names Sanskrit: Gambhari, Kasmari, Kalinga, Sahadevi, Tundi
Hindi: Gamhar, Gamar, Khamar
Assamese: Gomari
Bengali: Gamar, Gambari
Kannada: Shivani, Kandari
Malayalam: Kumbil
Manipuri: Chirumba
Marathi: Shivan
Oriya: Gambhari
Telegu: Gummadikaya


Distribution Gambhari is native to India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. It is found in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia.
Pharmacognosy Gambhari contains several phytochemicals such as gmelinol, gmelanone, gmeladiol, gmeladiene, and gmeladienol. It also contains flavonoids, tannins, and sterols.
Cultivation Gambhari is propagated through seeds or stem cuttings. It prefers well-drained soil and grows best in full sunlight.
Physical Constituents Bitter taste.
Chemical Constituents Gmelinol, gmelanone, gmeladiol, gmeladiene, flavonoids, tannins, sterols


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