Botanical Name Peganum harmala L.
Family Nitrariaceae
Origin Central Asia
Description Harmal is a perennial herb with a woody rootstock and branches. The leaves are alternate, pinnate, and up to 8 cm long. The flowers are white or pink and have five petals. The fruit is a capsule containing numerous seeds.
Parts Used Seeds, roots
Dose The dose of harmal depends on the intended use and should be determined by a qualified healthcare professional.

Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Harmal is used in various Ayurvedic formulations, including Trikatu Churna, Pippalyadi Churna, and Sitopaladi Churna.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) Not available
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (Quality): Laghu (light), tikshna (sharp)
Rasa (Taste): Tikta (bitter), kashaya (astringent)
Vipak (Metabolism): Katu (pungent)
Virya (Potency): Ushna (hot)
Prabhav (Impact): Medhya (improves cognitive function)
Other Names Sanskrit: Sammohini
Hindi: Harmal, Isband
Assamese: Kala jari
Bengali: Iswar
Kannada: Kandaraga
Malayalam: Jirakanam
Manipuri: Houna
Marathi: Marorphali
Oriya: Isabgol
Telugu: Pagadam


Distribution Harmal is native to the Mediterranean and Central Asia and can be found throughout the Middle East, North Africa, and India.
Pharmacognosy The seeds and roots of harmal contain harmaline, harmine, and tetrahydroharmine, which are alkaloids that have psychoactive properties. The seeds also contain a range of other alkaloids, including harmalol and harmol. Harmal has been used traditionally as a hallucinogen, an antidepressant, and a treatment for various gastrointestinal disorders.
Cultivation Harmal can be grown from seed in well-drained soil and full sun. It prefers a dry climate and is tolerant of drought.
Physical Constituents Not available
Chemical Constituents Harmal contains harmaline, harmine, tetrahydroharmine, harmalol, and harmol, among other alkaloids.


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