Botanical Name Citrullus colocynthis
Family Cucurbitaceae
Origin The plant is believed to have originated in North Africa.
Description Citrullus colocynthis is a desert plant that bears a fruit with a hard rind and yellow pulp. The fruit has a bitter taste and is used in traditional medicine for its medicinal properties.
Parts Used The fruit and seeds of Citrullus colocynthis are used in traditional medicine.
Dose The dose of Citrullus colocynthis varies depending on the condition being treated.

Ayurveda Features

Citrullus colocynthis is used in various Ayurvedic formulations, including Avipattikar Churna and Hingwashtak Churna.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) There is no specific antidote for Citrullus colocynthis poisoning.
Ayurvedic Properties GUNA (Quality): Laghu (light), Ruksha (dry), Tikshna (sharp)
RASA (Taste): Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter)
VIPAK (Metabolism): Katu (pungent)
VIRYA (Potency): Ushna (hot)
PRABHAV (Impact): Medohara (reduces fat)
Other Names Sanskrit: Indravaruni, Laghuvaruni
Hindi: Indrayan, Indravarun
Assamese: Baimuthi
Bengali: Indrayan
Kannada: Handenekayi
Malayalam: Kattumatti
Manipuri: Chingthra
Marathi: Haladivaruni
Oriya: Indrayana
Telugu: Indravalli


Distribution Citrullus colocynthis is found in the Mediterranean region, North Africa, and the Middle East.
Pharmacognosy The fruit and seeds of Citrullus colocynthis are used in traditional medicine for their anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antidiabetic properties.
Cultivation Citrullus colocynthis is a hardy plant that can be grown in dry, arid regions. It is usually grown from seed.
Physical Constituents Citrullus colocynthis is known for its bitter taste, which is due to the presence of cucurbitacins in the fruit.
Chemical Constituents The fruit and seeds of Citrullus colocynthis contain a variety of chemical constituents, including cucurbitacins, flavonoids, and triterpenoids.


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