Botanical Name Momordica dioica.
Family Cucurbitaceae
Origin India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Asia.
Description Karvellak is a woody climber with tendrils, growing up to 10 meters long. The leaves are simple, alternate, and have long petioles. The flowers are yellow in color and are unisexual. The fruit is a green, fleshy berry, which turns orange-red when ripe.
Parts Used The leaves, fruits, and seeds of Karvellak are used for medicinal purposes.
Dose The dose of Karvellak depends on the preparation and the condition being treated.

Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Karvellak is used in various Ayurvedic formulations like Triphala, Sudarshan Churna, and Mahamanjisthadi Kwath.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya)
There is no specific antidote for Karvellak toxicity. In case of toxicity, symptomatic treatment should be given.
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (quality): Laghu (light), Ruksha (dry)
Rasa (taste): Tikta (bitter)
Vipak (metabolism): Katu (pungent)
Virya (potency): Ushna (hot)
Prabhav (special action): Antidiabetic
Other Names Sanskrit: Karavella, Kattu Paval, Kadupaval
Hindi: Kakrol, Bhat Karela
Assamese: Kath Karela
Bengali: Karola, Uchche
Kannada: Hirekai, Kadu Pagal
Malayalam: Kaippavalkka, Thumba Vellari
Marathi: Karle, Vayvar
Oriya: Karala, Karara
Telugu: Kakara, Kakarakaaya


Karvellak is widely distributed throughout India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. It is also found in other parts of Asia.
Pharmacognosy Karvellak contains various bioactive compounds like alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, and triterpenoids, which have medicinal properties.
Cultivation Karvellak is grown in different parts of India and other tropical regions. It is propagated by seeds and requires well-drained soil.
Physical Constituents Not available
Chemical Constituents Karvellak contains various bioactive compounds like momordicine, charantin, and karvellagenin, which have antidiabetic and hypolipidemic properties.


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