Botanical Name Cyperus rotundus
Family Cyperaceae
Origin Mustak is believed to have originated in India.
Description Mustak is a perennial herb that grows up to 60 cm in height. It has a slender stem and long, narrow leaves. The flowers are small and brownish in color, while the fruits are nutlets that are grayish-brown.
Parts Used The rhizomes of the plant are used in Ayurvedic medicine.
Dose The recommended dose of Mustak varies depending on the form and condition being treated. It is generally taken in the form of a decoction or powder.

Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Mustak is used in various Ayurvedic formulations, including Chitrakadi Vati, Mustakadi Kwath, and Mustakarishta.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) Not specified.
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (Quality): Laghu (Light), Tikshna (Sharp), and Ruksha (Dry)
Rasa (Taste): Katu (Pungent) and Tikta (Bitter)
Vipak (Metabolism): Katu (Pungent)
Virya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
Prabhav (Impact): Not specified.
Other Names Sanskrit: Musta, Mustaka
Hindi: Nagarmotha
Assamese: Mustok
Bengali: Musta
Kannada: Tugakki
Malayalam: Mustha
Manipuri: Yai-khubai
Marathi: Musta
Oriya: Motha
Telugu: Tungamu



Distribution Mustak is native to India and is found in many parts of the country. It is also found in other parts of Asia and Africa.
Pharmacognosy Mustak has been traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine for its various medicinal properties. It contains essential oils, flavonoids, terpenoids, and alkaloids, which are responsible for its pharmacological actions.
Cultivation Mustak is grown in tropical and subtropical regions, especially in India. It is propagated through rhizomes and requires well-drained soil and regular watering.
Physical Constituents Mustak is rich in nutrients, including potassium, calcium, and magnesium.
Chemical Constituents Mustak contains a variety of chemical compounds, including essential oils, flavonoids, terpenoids, and alkaloids.


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