Botanical Name Calophyllum inophyllum
Family Clusiaceae (Guttiferae)
Origin Punnag is believed to have originated in Southeast Asia.
Description Punnag is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 20 meters tall. The leaves are thick and leathery, and the flowers are small and white. The fruit is a round, green drupe that turns yellow when ripe, and contains a single seed.
Parts Used The oil extracted from the seeds of the Punnag tree is used for medicinal purposes.
Dose The dose of Punnag oil depends on the specific use and should be determined by a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner.


Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Punnag oil is used in several Ayurvedic formulations, including Mahanarayan oil and Mahamasha oil.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) There is no specific antidote for Punnag toxicity.
Ayurvedic Properties GUNA (Quality): Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)
RASA (Taste): Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Bitter)
VIPAK (Metabolism): Katu (Pungent)
VIRYA (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
PRABHAV (Impact): Kaphavatahara (Balances Kapha and Vata)
Other Names Sanskrit: Punnaga, Surasena
Hindi: Punnag
Assamese: Telpunna
Bengali: Punnaga
Kannada: Honna, Undi
Malayalam: Punnagam, Pinnagam
Manipuri: Panba
Marathi: Suras
Oriya: Punnaga
Telugu: Ponna, Gobbemma


Distribution Punnag is native to coastal regions of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, including India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Polynesia.
Pharmacognosy Punnag has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-tumor properties.
Punnag can be grown from seed or propagated from cuttings. It prefers well-drained soil and full sunlight.
Physical Constituents Punnag oil is a viscous liquid with a greenish-yellow color and a nutty odor.
Chemical Constituents Punnag oil contains calophyllolide, inophyllums A and B, and various fatty acids.


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