Botanical Name Betula utilis
Family Betulaceae
Origin Himalayas
Description Betula utilis, also known as Himalayan Birch or Bhurjapatra, is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 25 meters in height. It has white, papery bark that peels off in thin sheets, and triangular, serrated leaves that turn yellow in autumn. The tree produces male and female flowers, which are wind-pollinated and give rise to small, winged nutlets.
Parts Used The bark of Betula utilis is used in Ayurvedic medicine.
Dose The recommended dosage of Betula utilis depends on the specific preparation and the condition being treated.

Additional information

Raw Herb

"100g", "200g", "500g"

Ayurved Features

Formulations(Yog) Bhurjapatradi Taila, Dashanga Lepa, Jatyadi Ghrita, Mahanarayana Taila
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) Not specified
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (Quality): Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)
Rasa (Taste): Tikta (Bitter)
Vipak (Metabolism): Katu (Pungent)
Virya (Potency): Shita (Cooling)
Prabhav (Impact): Vranaropaka (Wound healing)
Other Names Sanskrit: Bhurjapatra, Bhurja, Kasmari, Kasmariya
Hindi: Bhojpatra, Bhojpatr
Assamese: Bhurjapat
Bengali: Bhurja, Bhurjapatra
Kannada: Bhojapatra
Malayalam: Irupaththi, Bhojapatra
Manipuri: Lamkang
Marathi: Bhojpatra
Oriya: Bhurja
Telugu: Bhurja, Bhojapatra


Distribution Betula utilis is native to the Himalayas and is found in regions ranging from Afghanistan to western China, as well as in parts of India, Nepal, and Bhutan.
Pharmacognosy The bark of Betula utilis has been traditionally used in Ayurveda for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic properties. It also has antimicrobial and antifungal properties.
Cultivation Betula utilis can be propagated by seed or cuttings, and it prefers cool, moist, and well-drained soils. It is commonly grown as an ornamental tree in gardens and parks.
Physical Constituents Betula utilis bark has a bitter taste and cooling effect.
Chemical Constituents The bark of Betula utilis contains betulin, betulinic acid, lupeol, and other triterpenoids.


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