Botanical Name Paederia foetida
Family Rubiaceae
Origin India
Description Paederia foetida is a perennial climbing shrub with a strong unpleasant odor. It has simple leaves that are elliptic, oblong or ovate in shape. The flowers are small, white or pinkish in color, and arranged in clusters. The fruit is a small, round, fleshy drupe that turns red when mature.
Parts Used Whole plant
Dose As per the advice of an Ayurvedic practitioner.

Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Ghanavati, Churna, Kwatha
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) Not available.
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (quality): Laghu (light), Ruksha (dry)
Rasa (taste): Tikta (bitter), Katu (pungent)
Virya (potency): Ushna (hot)
Vipak (metabolism): Katu (pungent)
Prabhav (impact): Not available.
Other Names Sanskrit: Gandhaprasarani, Prasarini, Upavisha
Hindi: Gandhali, Gandhaprasarini
Assamese: Bhedai lota
Bengali: Latkan, Gandhabhaduli
Kannada: Gandhaprasarani, Haritamanjari
Malayalam: Vayambu
Manipuri: Umathong
Marathi: Hiran-vel, Gandhali, Gandhaprasarani
Oriya: Kaunriya
Telugu: Gandhaprasarani, Vavili


Distribution Paederia foetida is found in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, including India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China, and Malaysia.
Pharmacognosy The whole plant is used for medicinal purposes. It is rich in alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, and other phytochemicals.
Cultivation Paederia foetida grows well in warm and humid climates. It can be propagated through seeds or stem cuttings.
Physical Constituents Not available.
Chemical Constituents Alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, and other phytochemicals.


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