Botanical Name Juniperus communis
Family Cupressaceae
Origin native to Eurasia and North America.
Description Juniperus communis is a small evergreen tree or shrub that can grow up to 10 meters in height. It has needle-like leaves that are arranged in whorls of three, and small flowers that are either male or female, and produce small, berry-like cones.
Parts Used The berries and leaves of Juniperus communis are used in medicine.
Dose The recommended dose for Juniperus communis varies depending on the preparation and condition being treated. It is important to consult with a healthcare provider before taking this herb.

Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Juniperus communis is used in several Ayurvedic formulations, including Triphala churna and Dashmool kwath.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) There is no specific antidote for Juniperus communis toxicity. Treatment is supportive and symptomatic.
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (Quality): Laghu (light), Ruksha (dry), Tikshna (sharp)
Rasa (Taste): Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter)
Vipak (Metabolism): Katu (pungent)
Virya (Potency): Ushna (hot)
Prabhav (Impact): Medohara (reduces fat)
Other Names Sanskrit: Hapusha, Kushah, Pitasa
Hindi: Hapusha, Kath-baval
Assamese: Horituka
Bengali: Horitok, Jamturi
Kannada: Huppina mara
Malayalam: Elathari, Maranam
Manipuri: Haichou
Marathi: Jhuna
Oriya: Juna
Telugu: Juniperus, Pedda Tangedu


Distribution Juniperus communis is widely distributed throughout the northern hemisphere, including Europe, Asia, and North America. It is native to Eurasia and North America.
Pharmacognosy The essential oil extracted from the berries and leaves of Juniperus communis has been used in traditional medicine for its diuretic, carminative, antiseptic, and antirheumatic properties. It also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
Cultivation Juniperus communis can be grown in well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. It is propagated by seeds or cuttings.
Physical Constituents Juniperus communis contains vitamins C and E, as well as minerals such as potassium, magnesium, and calcium.
Chemical Constituents The essential oil extracted from Juniperus communis contains terpenes, including alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, and limonene, as well as flavonoids, tannins, and coumarins.


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