Botanical Name Nigella sativa
Family Ranunculaceae
Origin Mediterranean region
Description Nigella sativa is an annual flowering plant that grows up to 30 cm tall. It has finely divided, linear leaves and blue or white flowers. The fruit of the plant is a large and inflated capsule containing numerous small black seeds.
Parts Used The seeds of the plant are used for medicinal purposes.
Dose The recommended dose varies depending on the condition being treated. It is best to consult a healthcare professional for guidance on appropriate dosing.

Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Nigella sativa is used in various Ayurvedic formulations, including Hingvadi Churna and Triphala Churna.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) Nigella sativa has no known antidote.
Ayurvedic Properties GUNA (Quality): Light (Laghu), Dry (Ruksha)
RASA (Taste): Pungent (Katu), Bitter (Tikta)
VIPAK (Metabolism): Pungent (Katu)
VIRYA (Potency): Hot (Ushna)
PRABHAV (Impact): Balances Kapha and Vata doshas, promotes digestive health
Other Names Sanskrit: Kalajaji, Upakunci
Hindi: Kalonji, Mangraila
Assamese: Karwi
Bengali: Kalajeera
Kannada: Krishna jirige
Malyalam: Karum jirakam
Manipuri: Karli
Marathi: Kale til
Oriya: Manganil
Telegu: Nalla jilakara


Distribution The plant is native to the Mediterranean region but is now widely cultivated throughout the world.
Pharmacognosy The seeds of Nigella sativa are used in traditional medicine for their various therapeutic properties, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, and anticancer effects.
Cultivation The plant is commonly cultivated in Mediterranean countries, India, and the Middle East. It grows well in well-drained soil and requires full sunlight.
Physical Constituents The seeds contain essential fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals.
Chemical Constituents The seeds of Nigella sativa contain various chemical compounds, including thymoquinone, p-cymene, carvacrol, and α-pinene.


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