Botanical Name Polyalthia longifolia
Family Annonaceae
Origin India
Description Polyalthia longifolia is a large evergreen tree that can reach up to 40 meters in height. It has a straight trunk and a conical or rounded crown. The leaves are glossy, dark green, and lance-shaped, with prominent veins. The flowers are small, yellow-green, and occur in clusters. The fruit is a small, round, greenish-brown, and contains many seeds.
Parts Used The bark, leaves, and seeds of Polyalthia longifolia are used in traditional medicine.
Dose The dose of Polyalthia longifolia depends on the specific preparation and intended use. It is important to consult a qualified practitioner for guidance.

Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Polyalthia longifolia is used in various Ayurvedic formulations, including Dashmoolarishta, Dashmool Kwath, and Mahanarayan oil.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) There is no specific antidote for Polyalthia longifolia toxicity. Treatment is supportive and symptomatic.
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (Quality): Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Oily)
Rasa (Taste): Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
Vipak (Metabolism): Katu (Pungent)
Virya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
Prabhav (Impact): Jvarahara (Antipyretic)
Other Names Sanskrit: Ashok, Putrajiva, Sita-ashok
Hindi: Ashok, Devdar
Bengali: Ashok
Kannada: Ashoka
Malyalam: Ashokam
Marathi: Ashok
Oriya: Ashok
Tamil: Asogam
Telugu: Ashokamu


Distribution Polyalthia longifolia is native to India, Sri Lanka, and Southeast Asia. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree and is also used in traditional medicine.
Pharmacognosy Polyalthia longifolia contains alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, and other phytochemicals that have various pharmacological properties, such as antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, and anticancer activities.
Cultivation Polyalthia longifolia can be grown from seeds or cuttings. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun, and can tolerate a range of soil types and climatic conditions.
Physical Constituents Polyalthia longifolia is rich in vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, calcium, and iron.
Chemical Constituents Polyalthia longifolia contains several alkaloids, including liriodenine, oxo-nornuciferine, and norushinsunine. It also contains tannins, flavonoids, and other phytochemicals.


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