Botanical Name Pterocarpus santalinus
Family Fabaceae
Origin India
Description Raktachandan, also known as Red Sandalwood, is a small to medium-sized tree with a height of 4-10 meters. The bark is dark brown to reddish-brown, and the wood is deep red in color. The leaves are compound, and the flowers are yellowish-green. The fruit is a pod that contains 2-3 seeds.
Parts Used Heartwood, bark, leaves.
Dose As per the advice of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner.

Ayurveda Features

Formulations(Yog) Raktachandan is used in various Ayurvedic formulations like Chandanasava, Mahamanjisthadi Kashayam, and Patoladi Kashayam.
Anti-Dote (Nivaran Dravya) Not available
Ayurvedic Properties Guna (Quality): Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)
Rasa (Taste): Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
Vipak (Metabolism): Katu (Pungent)
Virya (Potency): Shita (Cold)
Prabhav (Impact): Blood purifier, cooling.
Other Names Sanskrit: Raktachandanam
Hindi: Lal Chandan
Assamese: Rukh Chandan
Bengali: Rakta Chandan
Kannada: Kempu Chandana
Malayalam: Chuvannapattanga
Manipuri: Thambou Leihao
Marathi: Raktachandan
Oriya: Rakta Chandana
Telugu: Errachandanam



Distribution Raktachandan is native to India and grows in the southern parts of the country, particularly in the Eastern Ghats and the Nilgiri hills.
Pharmacognosy The heartwood of Raktachandan contains a red-colored pigment called santalin, which is used for dyeing and coloring. It also contains other compounds like pterocarpin, homopterocarpin, and flavonoids.
Cultivation Raktachandan is propagated through seeds or by vegetative propagation. It grows well in well-drained soils and requires a hot and humid climate.
Physical Constituents Heartwood is red in color and has astringent and bitter taste.
Chemical Constituents Santalin, pterocarpin, homopterocarpin, and flavonoids.



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